Pendant light A440 was designed by Alvar Aalto for Artek in 1954. Its flowing shape has references from Aalto’s iconic Golden Bell lamp but the size is slightly larger, and instead of brass, A440 is made of hand-blown opal glass that diffuses the light softly. Compared to the downward light of the Golden Bell, A440 casts light also upwards and to the sides and provides great general light for example at the hallway, kitchen or bedroom.

Even though glass is a common material in Aalto’s work, he rarely used glass in his lighting designs. The refined, sculptural silhouette of the A440 pendant makes it one of the most minimalist lamps by Aalto.



Aalto pendant A440



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Mouth-blown opal glass
19 cm
23 cm
Bulb base
Light source
Max. 60W (not included)
IP rating
Protection class
Energy label
A++ - E
Cable length
200 cm
Cable colour
Cable material
Canopy diameter 10 cm, height 6 cm

Alvar Aalto

Alvar Aalto (1898-1976) is probably the most famous Finnish architect and designer in the world. In 1921 Alvar Aalto got the Diploma of Architecture at the Helsinki Institute of Technology and his career as an architect started. One of the most important works he was commissioned was the planning of the tuberculosis sanatorium in Paimio, Finland. This project meant also the beginning of Aalto’s career as a furniture designer – in fact, this was the first building planned by Aalto which was entirely furnished with pieces of furniture designed by Aalto himself – including the lighting as well. Other important projects completed by Alvar Aalto are the Viipuri Municipal Library, Villa Mairea, La Maison Carré and the Finnish Pavilions for the 1937 Paris and 1939 New York World Fairs.

In 1935 Alvar Aalto, together with Aino Aalto, Maire Gullichsen and Nils-Gustav Hahl, founded Artek, a world-renowned furniture and lighting company. The company was created "to sell furniture" – designed by Alvar Aalto – "and to promote modern culture of habitation by exhibitions and other means". 

One of the most ingenious innovations by Alvar Aalto is the L-leg, patented in 1933. Aalto considered his L-leg design his greatest achievement and even compared it to the invention of the architectonic column. Thanks to this innovation, the legs could be attached directly to the table, chair and stool tops. Alvar Aalto was a versatile designer whose work covered different fields. He is well-known also for his elegant lamps, which very often were designed for individual construction projects and later on adapted for the serial production. Alvar Aalto was also an esteemed glass designer and his most famous work as a glass designer is the Aalto vase (or Savoy vase) – one of the most iconic glassware pieces in Finnish design.

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