Vitra’s Chaise Tout Bois chair, designed by Jean Prouvé in 1941, borrows its functionalist form from Prouvé’s iconic Standard chair. Made entirely of wood, Chaise Tout Bois was born out of necessity. As metal was scarce due to World War II, the metal parts of the Standard chair were replaced with wood, thus resulting in Chaise Tout Bois, “all wood chair”.

The clear-lined design language and robust rear frame construction of Chaise Tout Bois are inspired by Prouvé’s background in engineering and his insight into the structure of a chair: as most of the weight is carried by the chair’s hind legs, Chaise Tout Bois is designed to be particularly sturdy at the point where the backrest and the seat meet, as that is where the structure is subjected to the greatest weight. Prouvé developed the design of the chair during the war and created several prototypes in search of the perfect structure. Vitra's Chaise Tout Bois is based on a version developed in 1941 that does not require a single screw to assemble.


Chaise Tout Bois chair, dark-stained oak



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46 cm
49 cm
80,5 cm
Seat depth
42,5 cm
Seat height
46 cm
Seat material
Moulded dark-stained plywood veneer, protective natural lacquer finish
Base material
Solid dark-stained oak, protective natural lacquer finish
Felt glides for hard floor

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Jean Prouvé

Jean Prouvé (1909–1984) was a French metal artisan, engineer and self-taught architect and designer, who had a great influence on European post-war design and design philosophy. Social conscience and easy accessibility were essential starting points for Prouvé’s designs, which were often based on prefabricated housing, modular systems and mass-production. 

Prouvé opened his own workshop in Nancy, France in 1924, and later expanded it into a furniture factory. Prouvé’s designs were widely used in French public institutes, and his prefabricated houses known as 'Maison Tropicale' were also sent to French colonies in Africa in mid-twentieth century. His background as a metal worker and engineer characterizes his best known designs, such as the Standard chair and Em table currently produced by Vitra.

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